Terpenes are aromatic essential oils found in many plants that are secreted in the resin gland of the plant, which also produce the cannabinoids THC and CBD.
There are more than 20,000 terpenes in existence and at least 100 produced by the Cannabis plant. Terpenoid production evolved over time in plants, because plants developed terpenes to ward off herbivores that might eat them and to attract helpful predators and pollinators.
When you combine different terpenes with different cannabinoids, they work synergistically to enhance their medicinal therapeutic benefits.
Female cannabis plants produce glandular trichomes, which are glands that look like small hairs or growths that protrude from the flowers and leaves. Trichomes house crucial compounds, including cannabinoids (such as THC and CBD), flavonoids, and terpenes.
Flavonoids vs. terpenes
Many people think Flavonoids are flavor, but they’re actually the color-giving nutrients in living things. They’re also one of the largest nutrient families known to scientists at over 6,000 members. 20 of these compounds have been identified in the cannabis plant, and are known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory health benefits. Flavonoids are what gives cannabis plants a purple or brighter green color and further research is needed to understand the role flavonoids can play medicinally.
Next, we will chat about which terpenes hold what power.
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